Quantum Electron Device Research Unit

Principal Investigator

PI Name Michihisa Yamamoto
Degree D.Sci.
Title Unit Leader
Brief Resume
2004Ph. D. in Physics, The University of Tokyo, Japan
2004Research Associate, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo
2014Lecturer, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo
2017Associate Professor, Quantum-Phase Electronics Center, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
2017Unit Leader, Quantum Electron Device Research Unit, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (-present)

Outline

We develop quantum electron devices based on manipulation and transfer of quantum degrees of freedom in solids. We employ quantum electron optics, where quantum states of propagating electrons are manipulated in a single electron unit, and experiments on transfer and manipulation of novel quantum degrees of freedom in atomic-layer materials. These experiments aim to reveal physics of quantum coherence, quantum correlations, and quantum conversions, as guiding principles for quantum electron devices. We also employ state of the art quantum technologies to solve long-standing problems in condensed matter physics from microscopic points of view.

Research Fields

Physics, Engineering

Keywords

Two-dimensional electron system
Single electron manipulation
Nanodevices
Quantum coherence
Quantum correlations

Results

Quantum control of electron waves and measurement of the scattering phase

The phase of an electron wave function, a counterpart of the wave function amplitude characterizing the electron probability density, plays an important role in quantum devices. Techniques for precise measurement and control of the phase shift of an electron wave are useful not only for development of quantum devices but also for investigation of microscopic quantum effects in solids that cannot be detected in conventional transport experiments. We employ quantum electron optics, where the quantum state of a propagating electron is manipulated, to investigate scattering of an electron wave by an artificial atom.

We recently apply this technology for quantum control of electron waves to the quantum information processing. Based on the electron wave states, we attempt to control delocalized quantum bits defined by on-demand special quasi-particles. Similarly to the photon qubit, where the number of qubits is not limited by the hardware size, this may open up a way to control numerous semiconductor qubits in a compact hardware. Our aim is to bring a paradigm shift in semiconductor quantum architectures, from vast infrastructure to a much smaller hardware, by realizing quantum control of on-demand qubits.

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of the device and experimental setup for the phase measurement across an artificial atom. Output currents I1 andI2 oscillate with opposite phase as a function of the difference of phase shift acquired in the two paths of the Aharonov-Bohm ring. (b) Phase shift through a quantum dot extracted from the oscillating component of the measured current I = I1I2, plotted with the oscillation amplitude and the total conductance. Phase lapse appears between Coulomb peaks (maximum of the conductance through the quantum dot), depending on the parity of orbital wave function in the quantum dot.
Figure (b) taken from Nature Communications 8, 1710 (2017).

Members

Michihisa Yamamoto

Unit Leader

Ryo Ito

Research Associate